Undated -- Today in History
Today is Saturday, July 14, the 196th day of 2012. There are 170 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On July 14, 1912, American folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie ("This Land Is Your Land") was born in Okemah, Okla.
On this date:
In 1789, during the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.
In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry relayed to Japanese officials a letter from President Millard Fillmore requesting trade relations. (Fillmore's term of office had already expired by the time the letter was delivered.)
In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias "Billy the Kid," was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, N.M.
In 1902, the original, centuries-old Campanile di San Marco in Venice, Italy, collapsed. (The bell tower was rebuilt within a decade.)
In 1911, Harry N. Atwood became the first pilot to land an airplane (a Wright Model B biplane) on the grounds of the White House after flying in from Boston; he was greeted by President William Howard Taft.
In 1913, Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr., the 38th president of the United States, was born Leslie Lynch King Jr. in Omaha, Neb.
In 1921, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted in Dedham, Mass., of murdering a shoe company paymaster and his guard. (Sacco and Vanzetti were executed six years later.)
In 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed.
In 1960, British researcher Jane Goodall arrived at the Gombe Stream Reserve in the Tanganyika Territory (in present-day Tanzania) to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
In 1966, eight student nurses were murdered by Richard Speck in a Chicago dormitory.
In 1972, the State Department criticized actress Jane Fonda for making antiwar radio broadcasts in Hanoi, calling them "distressing." Jean Westwood was appointed the first female chair of the Democratic National Committee.
In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in New York.
Ten years ago: A gunman tried but failed to assassinate French President Jacques Chirac during a Bastille Day parade. Joaquin Balaguer, ruler of the Dominican Republic for 22 years, died at age 95.
Five years ago: North Korea told the United States it had shut down its nuclear reactor, hours after a ship cruised into port loaded with oil promised in return for the country's pledge to disarm. Former presidents, fellow first ladies and about 1,800 other people attended a private funeral in Austin, Texas, for Lady Bird Johnson, the widow of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
One year ago: A federal judge in Washington, D.C. declared a mistrial in baseball star Roger Clemens' perjury trial over inadmissible evidence shown to jurors. (Clemens was acquitted in a retrial.)